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For the former British cargo ship, see SS Johore Bahru.

For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see Johor Bahru (federal constituency).), formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia.

Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim then renamed Tanjung Puteri to Iskandar Puteri once he arrived in the area in 1858 after acquiring the territory from Sultan Ali; (The suffix "Bah(a)ru" means "new" in Malay, normally written "baru" in standard spelling today but appearing with several variants in place names, such as Kota Bharu and Indonesian Pekanbaru.) The British preferred to spell its name as Johore Bahru or Johore Bharu, The city was also once known as "Little Swatow (Shantou)" by the Chinese community in Johor Bahru, as most of Johor Bahru's Chinese residents are Teochew people whose ancestry can be traced back to Shantou, China.

The Japanese then used the Sultan's residence of Bukit Serene Palace located in the town as their main temporary base for their future initial plans to conquer Singapore while waiting to reconnect the causeway.

Soon after the war ended in 1946, the town became the main hotspot for Malay nationalism in Malaya.

Johor Bahru became the cradle of Malay nationalism after the war and gave birth to a political party named United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946.

After the formation of Malaysia in 1963, Johor Bahru retained its status as state capital and was granted city status in 1994.

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