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So let's assign an oxidation state to sodium over here.

So if you have your electrons represented as dots, you can assign an oxidation state by thinking about how many valence electrons the atom normally has and subtracting from that how many electrons you have in your picture here.

Sodium went from an oxidation state of 0 to an oxidation state of plus 1. 0 to plus 1 is an increase in oxidation state, so therefore, sodium, by definition, is being oxidized. That's a decrease in the oxidation state, and therefore, chlorine is being reduced. Now, before we assign oxidizing and reducing agents, let's just go ahead and talk about this one more time, except showing all of the valence electrons.

So let's also assign some oxidation states using this way because there are two ways to assign oxidation states.

And of course, that's what we saw up here as well, when we were just using the memorized rules. We had two sodium chlorides, so here are two sodium chlorides.

And so it's the same for this chlorine atom over here, an oxidation state equal to 0. And let's see what happened with our electrons.

Chlorine Common chemical oxidizing agents – Chlorine is a green color member of VIIA group that can not be found freely in nature but in a combined form such as Na Cl (strong electrolyte) or in mineral formations such as sylvite and carnallite.

Chlorine is a yellowish green gas compound that has stinging smell and poisonous when there is direct contact with our body. Bromine Bromine is a dark red colored halogen group member that is corrosive when in the form of a solution. The thyroid gland is easy to enlarge or swell if your body lacks of iodine.

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And so we give one electron to one atom and the other electron to the other atom, like that.

And since the charge on the ion is plus 1, that's also the oxidation state. We're going to circle the oxidation state to distinguish it from everything else we have on the board here. Therefore, the oxidation state is equal to negative 1.

And so let's think about what happened in this redox reaction. Chlorine is going from an oxidation state of 0 to an oxidation state of negative 1.

And so before you assign oxidizing and reducing agents, you need to assign oxidation states. And so the sodium atoms are atoms in their elemental form and therefore have an oxidation state equal to 0.

For chlorine, each chlorine atom is also an atom in its elemental form, and therefore, each chlorine atom has an oxidation state equal to 0.

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